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Grade 8 English
1.51 Spelling Rules for Adding Suffixes - 2

Rule: When a one-syllable word ends in the cvc (consonant - vowel - consonant) combination, usually double the final consonant when adding a suffix that begins with a vowel but do not double it when adding a suffix that begins with a consonant.

Examples:
ship + ing = shipping
('ship' ends with cvc combination and the suffix 'ing' starts with a vowel, therefore, the final consonant is doubled)

ship + ment = shipment
('ship' ends with cvc combination, but the suffix 'ment' does not start with a vowel, therefore, the final consonant is not doubled)

warm + ing = warming
(warm does not end with cvc combination!)

treat + ed = treated
(treat does not end with cvc combination!)


Rule: When a word of more than one-syllable ends in the cvc combination and it is accented on the last syllable, usually double the final consonant when adding a suffix that begins with a vowel but do not double it when adding a suffix that begins with a consonant.

Examples:
commit + ing = committing
(the word 'commit' ends with cvc combination and it is accented on the last syllable + the suffix starts with a vowel, therefore, the last consonant is doubled)

commit + ment = commitment
(the word 'commit' ends with cvc combination and it is accented on the last syllable, however the suffix does NOT start with a vowel, therefore, the last consonant is not doubled)


Directions: Using the rules given above, find the correct spelling of the words formed in the questions. On a sheet of paper, write the suffix spelling rules described in this chapter and give your own examples. As homework, read a book and find words with suffixes and group them based on the spelling rules described in this chapter.
Q 1: fit + ed
fited
fitted

Q 2: get + ing =
geting
getting

Q 3: neat + ness =
neattness
neatness

Q 4: ratain + ing =
retainning
retaining

Q 5: wipe + ed =
wiped
wipped

Q 6: act + ed =
actted
acted

Q 7: contain + er =
containner
container

Q 8: sweet + ness =
sweettness
sweetness

Question 9: This question is available to subscribers only!

Question 10: This question is available to subscribers only!


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