Ratios and Proportions - Math Word Problems - GED, PSAT, SAT, ACT, GRE Preparation - kwizNET Math/Science/English Homeschool/Afterschool/Tutoring Lessons/Worksheets/Quizzes/Trivia

Math Word Problems - GED, PSAT, SAT, ACT, GRE Preparation 7.15 Ratios and Proportions

Ratios Facts:

A ratio is a comparison.

The units must be the same.

They are written as a fraction or with a colon.

Proportions:

A proportion is two ratios set equal.

They may be direct or inverse.

They are solved by cross-multiplication.

Q 1: Two children weighing 30 and 40 pounds balance a teeter totter(seesaw). How many feet from the fulcrum must the heavier boy sit if the lighter boy is 8 feet from the fulcrum? 8 7 6

Q 2: A team won 25 games in a 40-game season. Find the ratio of games won to games lost. 4/5 5/4 5/3

Q 3: Jan's car uses 35 gallons of gas to drive 250 miles. At this rate approximately how many gallons of gas will she need for a trip of 800 miles. 110 120 112

Q 4: If 30 people construct a structure in 4 days. How long will it take for 40 people to construct the same structure? 5 days 3 days 4 days

Q 5: At 'a' cents per can, what is the cost of 'b' cases of soda if there are 15 cans in a case? 15a 15ab 13ab

Q 6: In the proportion x:y = z:d, Solve for d in terms of x,y, and z. d = zx/y d = yz/x d = xy/z

Q 7: If 4 men can do a job in 10 days. How many days does it take 2 men to do the same job? (Hint: Inverse proportion) 5 days 20 days 10 days

Q 8: If 3 gallons of milk cost $6, how many bottles can you buy for $24? 14 15 12

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