
1. The sum of the three angles of a triangle is 180^{0}. 2. If one side of a triangle is produced the exterior angle formed is equal to the sum of the interior opposite angle. The exterior angle is greater than each of the interior opposite angles. 3. Triangle: A closed place figure of three sides is called a triangle. 4. Quadrilateral: A closed plane figure of four sides is called a quadrilateral. 5. Pentagon: A closed plane figure of five sides is called a pentagon. 6. Hexagon: A closed plane figure of six sides is called a hexagon. 7. Polygon: A closed plane figure of many sides is called polygon. 8. Convex polygon: If each of the angles of a polygon is less than 180^{0}, it is called a convex polygon. 9.Concave polygon: If atleast one angle of a polygon is greater than 180^{0}, it is called a concave polygon. 10. Regular polygon: The polygon in which all the sides are of equal length is called a regular polygon. All the angles of a regular polygon are equal. 11. The sum of the exterior angles of a polygon is equal to four right angles. 12. The sum of the interior angles of a polygon of 'n' sides is equal to (n2)180 or (2n4)rt. angles.
13. In a regular polygon of 'n' sides, 14. Two geometrical figures are said to be congruent if they have the same shape and same size. 15. Two triangles are congruent if, 16. In an isosceles triangle the angles opposite to congruent sides are congruent. 17. In an isosceles triangle the sides opposite to congruent angles are congruent. 18. In an equilateral triangle all the three angles are congruent and each is 60^{0}. 19. In a triangle if two sides are unequal the angle opposite to longer side is greater than the angle opposite to the shorter side. 20. In a triangle if two angle are unequal, the side opposite to greater angle is longer than the side opposite to smaller angle. 21.The sum of any two sides of a triangle is greater than the third side. 22. Of all the line segments drawn to a given line from a given point not on it, the perpendicular is the shortest. 23. In a right angle triangle the hypotenuse is greater than each of the other two sides. 