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Grade 5 - Mathematics
5.1 Fraction Terms
Fraction is :
Part of a whole; or
Part of a collection or group of objects.
5/12 is a fraction. We read it as five - twelfths.
12 stands for the number of equal parts into which the whole has been divided.
5 stands for the number of equal parts which have been taken out.
The number on top of the fraction 5 is the numerator and the number below 12 is called denominator.
A fraction can be expressed as a division and vice-versa.
e.g. 2/3 (numerator smaller than the denominator)
e.g. 3/2 (numerator greater than the denominator)
e.g. 2. 3/2 (whole number together with a fraction)
e.g. 1/2, 3/2 (fractions with same denominators are called like fractions.
e.g. 1/4, 2/7 (fractions with different denominators are called unlike fractions.
e.g. 1/4, 1/7, 1/12 (fractions with numberator = 1 are called unit fractions.
Answer the following questions. Also write at least 5 examples of each type of fractions.
: What is the top number of a fraction called?
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