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### Grade 5 - Mathematics5.1 Fraction Terms

 Fraction is : Part of a whole; or Part of a collection or group of objects. 5/12 is a fraction. We read it as five - twelfths. 12 stands for the number of equal parts into which the whole has been divided. 5 stands for the number of equal parts which have been taken out. The number on top of the fraction 5 is the numerator and the number below 12 is called denominator. A fraction can be expressed as a division and vice-versa. Proper Fractions: e.g. 2/3 (numerator smaller than the denominator) Improper Fractions: e.g. 3/2 (numerator greater than the denominator) Mixed Fractions: e.g. 2. 3/2 (whole number together with a fraction) Like Fractions: e.g. 1/2, 3/2 (fractions with same denominators are called like fractions. Unlike Fractions:e.g. 1/4, 2/7 (fractions with different denominators are called unlike fractions. Unit Fractions:e.g. 1/4, 1/7, 1/12 (fractions with numberator = 1 are called unit fractions. Directions: Answer the following questions. Also write at least 5 examples of each type of fractions.
 Q 1: What is the largest factor that two numbers have in common?GCFMFGCCF Q 2: What is the top number of a fraction called?numerationnumismaticsnumeratordenominator Q 3: What is the symbol that separates the numerator and denominator called?fragmentfracturefraction bar Q 4: Any number that divides evenly into another number is calledfactionfactorfraction Q 5: What do we call a whole number and a fraction?mixed numbermixed nervemixed pair Q 6: Fractions with different denominators are called ______ fractions.equivalentmixedlikeunlike Q 7: Which of the following is an improper fraction?2/313/69/124/5 Q 8: The set of numbers that includes zero and all of the natural numbers are ____.whole setwhole numberswhole noteswhole lot Question 9: This question is available to subscribers only! Question 10: This question is available to subscribers only!