In 1620, a company of pilgrims sailed
for England on their way to America. Captain Myles Standish an
English soldier who had fought in Holland joined the pilgrims though he did
not belong to the pilgrim church. These people along with their wives
and children sailed from Plymouth in England to the new world in the ship
"May flower". They had a tough voyage across the Atlantic ocean, at
last they saw the land cape cod in the end of November 1620. It was a
narrow strip of sand more than sixty miles long which looks like an arm bent
at the elbow with a hand link a half shirt fist. The pilgrims decided
to land there and explore. They choose John Carver as a governor for
them before entering the harbor.
An Indian Deer-Trap
They had reached the shore on the
first Monday. Then, all the women went to shore to wash, so the first
Monday of every month has been kept as washing day in New England ever
since. Soon Captain Standish started off to see the country with a number of
men, they saw some Indian corn buried in the sand. Little further they could
see an Indian deer trap. A young man named William Bradford stepped
into it and jerked by the leg.
Captain Myles and his men saw a blue
hill on the main land in the West about forty miles away. They
traveled in May Flower and reached the place called "Manomet" and
entered the fine harbor. On 21st December 1620, they landed on the
famous rock which is now known all over the world as "Plymouth rock".
All the pilgrims moved to new land and named it "Plymouth".
This name was already suggested by Captain Smith of Virginia who had been
before them the mention could be seen in the map. The land is vested with
excellent harbor, nice drinking water and plain land for cultivation.
During the winter season half of the pilgrims died due to infectious
disease. Captain Standish along with Governor Carver and minister
Elder Brewster nursed and assisted the sick people more graves were dug
instead of construction of houses. When the graves were filled up they were
made flat, so that Indians could not know how many white men were left out.
Directions: Answer the following multiple choice questions. Also, answer the following questions on a sheet of paper:
Explain the voyage of pilgrims
towards Cape Cod.
How is Cape Cod formed?
Why did pilgrims choose the land of
Plymouth for settlement?