Lord Baltimore could not go to
Maryland because of his unexpected death. Ultimately his eldest son
became "Lord Baltimore". He sent emigrants both Protestants and
Catholics to Maryland. He assured that both the groups would have equal
rights in Maryland. In the year 1634, during a spring season these people
landed on a little island near the mouth of the river "Potomac",
there they cut a tree and carved a large cross, then kneeling round the
cross they all joined in prayer to God for their safe journey ahead.
Then they moved onto the shore of the
river, where they met the Indians. The English asked place for their
settlement in return the English promised to give hatchets, knives and
beads. The Indians were astonished at the size of the English ship, as they
never came across such a big ship. They were accustomed only to their
canoes, which was made out of the trunk of a tree hollowed out. They
wondered where the English found such a big tree to make the ship.
They landed on March 25th, which is
considered as a sacred day for Virgin Mary. The new land was given the
name "St. Mary's". The Indians gave one of the biggest wigwams
to the settlers. One of the priests named Father White, made a
Catholic church out of it. It was the first English Catholic Church
that was revealed to America.
The Indians and the English worked
together and the Indians were very helpful. They taught the men how to hunt
in the forest. Also the Indian women taught the English how to make
hominy and bake Johnny-cake before the open fire.
Maryland became an example of its own
kind. It was the first American settlement where the complete
religious liberty was assured to one and all. Lord Baltimore invited people
from other settlements who were driven out on the basis of religion. Thus,
he proved that he was a noble man.
But this state of affair did not last
long, some people of Virginia acted very shamelessly towards the settlers in
Maryland, they thought that Virginia was given only for them. When the
part was given to the new settlers they became furious. They went to
Maryland to drive away the Catholics. They behaved very badly with Lord
Baltimore and some of his friends. The worst thing was they put Father White
in irons and sent him back to England as a prisoner. However, Lord
Baltimore lost his right on the land and all his defendants were treated
After hundred years, the city of "St.
Mary's" was occupied by the English in the year 1729 and begun a new and
beautiful city. They named the city as "Baltimore" in honor of
Lord Baltimore. The citizens of Baltimore took active part in the American
Directions: Answer the following
multiple choice questions. Also, answer the following questions on a sheet
- Lord Baltimore was a man of nobility.
- How was the settlement destructed in