|Directions: The following rules will help to ensure that your subjects and verbs will agree. Read the rules below, and then answer the questions that follow. Write three examples for each of the rules listed.
The subject and verb must agree in number: both must be singular, or both must be plural. You first need to identify the subject in the sentence, and determine if it is singular or plural; then make sure that the verb agrees with the subject in number.
Rules for Subject-Verb Agreement:
- When the subject of a sentence is composed of two or more nouns or pronouns connected by 'and', use a plural verb.
Example: She and her friends are going to the mall.
Joe and Tom love going skiing.
- If subjects are joined by 'or' or 'nor', the verb should agree with the closer subject
Example: Neither the cat nor the dogs were hurt in the fire.
- Indefinite pronouns (somebody, someone, either one, everyone, each, or anyone) are considered singular and require singular verbs even though they convey plural meaning.
Example: Everyone is satisfied with their grades.
Someone has left their books on the table.
- The indefinite pronouns 'all' , 'most' and 'some' can be either singular or plural--it depends on what they're referring to. (Is the thing referred to countable?)
Example: Some of the rocks were very pretty.
All of the milk is gone.
- Although the word following the phrase "one of the" will always be plural, the verb will agree with 'one', and always be singular.
Example: One of the students in the class is absent.
- The words 'there' and 'here' are never the subject of the sentence. The subject will follow the verb in sentences beginning with these two words.
Example: There are two questions on the test that I don't understand.
Here is a road map so you do not get lost.