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Grade 3 - Mathematics
Subtraction - 4 Digits

Method:

  1. Start subtracting from the ones place.
  2. If the subtrahend is lesser than minuend then we borrow 1 from tens place.
  3. If the subtrahend is lesser than minuend in tens place then we borrow 1 from hundreds place.
  4. If the subtrahend is lesser than minuend in hundreds place then we borrow 1 from thousands place.


Subtraction without regrouping:

Example 1:
QuestionStep 1 Step 2 Step 3Step 4

  1. Start from ones place 5 minus 5 is 0.
  2. In the tens place, 3 minus 2 is 1.
  3. In the hundreds place 4 minus 1 is 3.
  4. In thousands place, 9 minus 5 is 4.
Answer: 4310

Example 2:

  1. Start from ones place 8 minus 6 is 2.
  2. In the tens place, 9 minus 9 is 0.
  3. In the hundreds place 9 minus 8 is 1.
  4. In thousands place, 4 minus 2 is 2.
Answer: 2102


Subtraction with regrouping:

Example:

  1. Start from ones place 7 minus 2 is 5.
  2. In the tens place 3 is less than 8, so 1 is borrowed from 0 which has borrowed 1 from 3. So the result in tens place is 13 minus 8 which is 5.
  3. In the hundreds place 0 becomes 9, the result is 3.
  4. In thousands place, 3 becomes 2 and the result is 1.
Answer: 1355


Directions: Subtract the following.
Question 1: 6543
- 678
Answer:

Question 2: 2792
- 304
Answer:

Question 3: 4693
- 1073
Answer:

Question 4: 7543
- 4767
Answer:

Question 5: 7491
- 337
Answer:

Question 6: 1802
- 1571
Answer:

Question 7: 6236
- 4550
Answer:

Question 8: 7675
- 5383
Answer:

Question 9: 8277
- 4501
Answer:

Question 10: 8162
- 7489
Answer:

Question 11: 3247
- 423
Answer:

Question 12: 5357
- 4503
Answer:

Question 13: 9778
- 7868
Answer:

Question 14: 5409
- 3089
Answer:

Question 15: 9936
- 3016
Answer:

Question 16: 3694
- 1265
Answer:

Question 17: 6479
- 1569
Answer:

Question 18: 7552
- 6486
Answer:

Question 19: 6263
- 1254
Answer:

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Question 21: This question is available to subscribers only!

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