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Grade 3 - Mathematics
Subtraction - 4 Digits

Method:

  1. Start subtracting from the ones place.
  2. If the subtrahend is lesser than minuend then we borrow 1 from tens place.
  3. If the subtrahend is lesser than minuend in tens place then we borrow 1 from hundreds place.
  4. If the subtrahend is lesser than minuend in hundreds place then we borrow 1 from thousands place.


Subtraction without regrouping:

Example 1:
QuestionStep 1 Step 2 Step 3Step 4

  1. Start from ones place 5 minus 5 is 0.
  2. In the tens place, 3 minus 2 is 1.
  3. In the hundreds place 4 minus 1 is 3.
  4. In thousands place, 9 minus 5 is 4.
Answer: 4310

Example 2:

  1. Start from ones place 8 minus 6 is 2.
  2. In the tens place, 9 minus 9 is 0.
  3. In the hundreds place 9 minus 8 is 1.
  4. In thousands place, 4 minus 2 is 2.
Answer: 2102


Subtraction with regrouping:

Example:

  1. Start from ones place 7 minus 2 is 5.
  2. In the tens place 3 is less than 8, so 1 is borrowed from 0 which has borrowed 1 from 3. So the result in tens place is 13 minus 8 which is 5.
  3. In the hundreds place 0 becomes 9, the result is 3.
  4. In thousands place, 3 becomes 2 and the result is 1.
Answer: 1355


Directions: Subtract the following.
Question 1: 8231
- 687
Answer:

Question 2: 5452
- 3258
Answer:

Question 3: 9960
- 4545
Answer:

Question 4: 5563
- 2557
Answer:

Question 5: 9513
- 8316
Answer:

Question 6: 7606
- 4599
Answer:

Question 7: 4689
- 3387
Answer:

Question 8: 5346
- 4043
Answer:

Question 9: 4519
- 3568
Answer:

Question 10: 6870
- 1187
Answer:

Question 11: 7604
- 684
Answer:

Question 12: 4250
- 1563
Answer:

Question 13: 4536
- 517
Answer:

Question 14: 9108
- 5763
Answer:

Question 15: 8832
- 8322
Answer:

Question 16: 6554
- 90
Answer:

Question 17: 9520
- 3348
Answer:

Question 18: 9481
- 2006
Answer:

Question 19: 7894
- 7570
Answer:

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Question 21: This question is available to subscribers only!

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