|The three branches of the US government are Legislative, Executive, and Judicial. The Legislative branch is the largest and the Executive branch is the smallest.
The Legislative branch makes laws. It is made up of Congress and government agencies, such as the Government Printing Office and Library of Congress, that provide assistance to and support services for the Congress. Congress has two parts, the House of Representatives and the Senate.
In the House, representation is based on the number of people living in each state. There are a total of 435 representatives in the House. Each member represents an area within a state, known as a congressional district.
Each of the 50 states sends two people to the Senate, so there are a total of one hundred senators. This means that each state has equal representation in the Senate. Each senator serves a term of 6 years. When their 6 year term is over, the people from that state may choose to elect a new senator or keep the same one. There is no limit on the number of terms a senator can serve.
The Executive branch includes the President and the Vice Present. The executive branch makes sure that the laws of the United States are obeyed. The President controls the Police, Army, F.B.I, C.I.A., etc. His job is to approve the laws that Congress creates. When the President wants advice he asks a group of people called the Cabinet. The purpose of the Cabinet is to advise the President. They are the President's closest and most trusted advisors. The Cabinet includes the Vice President, the heads of 15 executive branch departments, and other government officials chosen by the President.
The Judicial branch includes the Supreme Court, Judges, etc. Supreme Court is the highest court in the US. Courts decide arguments about the meaning of laws, how they are applied, and whether they break the rules of the Constitution.