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Grade 5 - English Language
2.73 Subjects and Predicates

Parts of a Sentence

A sentence can be divided into two parts, namely, the subject and the predicate.

Subject: The subject of a sentence tells you who or what the sentence is about. A subject is either a common noun, a proper noun, a pronoun, or a noun phrase.
Examples:
Sally went to the store.
The tired men and women walked home quietly.

Predicate: The predicate of a sentence tells what the subject is doing. The predicate contains the action, linking and/or helping verb, and any objects. In other words, rest of the sentence apart from the subject is the predicate.
Example:
Sally went to the store.

The predicate can be further subdivided into verb, complement, object, etc.

  • A verb indicates the action that the subject is doing.
    Example: Jill sings well.
  • A complement describes the subject and completes the meaning of the sentence.
    Example: Jill sings well.
  • An object is another noun which shows the action of a transitive verb on itself.
    Example: Jill closed the door.

Basic Patterns of Sentences

There are seven basic patterns of sentences.
  1. Subject + Verb (S + V)
    Example: The lion roars. (The lion - Subject; roars - Verb)

  2. Subject + Verb + Adverb (S + V + Adv)
    Example: The lion roars loudly. (The lion - Subject; roars - Verb; loudly - Adverb)

  3. Subject + Verb + Adjective (S + V + Adj)
    Example: The lion is hungry. (The lion - Subject; is - Verb; hungry - Adjective)

  4. Subject + Verb + Noun (S + V + N)
    Example: The lion is an animal. (The lion - Subject; is - Verb; an animal - Noun)

  5. Subject + Verb + Object (S + V + O)
    Example: Dan likes apples. (Dan - Subject; likes - Verb; apples - Object)

  6. Subject + Verb + Indirect Object + Direct Object (S+V+IO+DO)
    Example: My friend gave me a present. (My friend - Subject; gave - Verb; me - Indirect Object; a present - Object )

  7. Subject + Verb + Object + Object Complement (S+V+O+OC)
    Example: Students found the exercise easy. (Students - Subject; found - Verb; the exercise - Object; easy - Object Complement)

Directions: Answer the following questions. Explain in your own words what subject and predicate are. Write at least two examples each for the seven types of sentences described above.
Q 1: Find the subject in:
I did my homework and went shopping.
shopping
homework
I

Q 2: Find the subject in:
Dogs are good pets.
pets
good
Dogs

Q 3: Find the predicate in:
The lazy boy ran slowly around the street.
The lazy boy
ran slowly around the street

Q 4: Find the subject in:
He listens to her.
her
listens
He

Q 5: Find the subject in:
At night he is never tired enough to sleep.
sleep
he
night

Q 6: Find the subject in:
Many children keep hamsters as pets.
pets
Many children
hamsters

Q 7: Find the predicate in:
They didn'tít know my name.
They
didn't know my name

Q 8: Find the subject in:
Who are you?
You
who
are

Question 9: This question is available to subscribers only!

Question 10: This question is available to subscribers only!


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