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MEAP Preparation - Grade 5 Mathematics
1.37 Fractions

Fractions are normally in the form of a/b, where 'a' is called numerator, and 'b' is called denominator.

Fractions Terminology:
Denominator: The bottom number in a fraction. It is also referred to as the divisor of the fraction.
Numerator: The top number in a fraction. It is also referred to as the dividend of the fraction.
Equivalent Fractions: Fractions that name the same number, such as 1/2 and 3/6.
Least Common Multiple (LCM): The smallest whole number that is a multiple of two or more chosen numbers.
Greatest Common Factor (GCF): The greatest whole number that is a factor of two or more chosen numbers.
Prime Number: An integer, not including 1, whose only factors are 1 and itself.
Composite Number: An integer that is not a prime number.
Mixed Number: A number that is the sum of a whole number and a fraction such as 2 2/3.
Reciprocal: The reciprocal of a fraction is obtained by interchanging the numerator and the denominator, i.e. by inverting the fraction.
Directions: Answer the following questions. Also write at least 10 examples of your own.
Q 1: In a/b, b is called _____.

Q 2: What is the reciprocal of 7/21?

Question 3: This question is available to subscribers only!

Question 4: This question is available to subscribers only!

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