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### MEAP Preparation - Grade 5 Mathematics1.37 Fractions

 Fractions are normally in the form of a/b, where 'a' is called numerator, and 'b' is called denominator. Fractions Terminology: Denominator: The bottom number in a fraction. It is also referred to as the divisor of the fraction. Numerator: The top number in a fraction. It is also referred to as the dividend of the fraction. Equivalent Fractions: Fractions that name the same number, such as 1/2 and 3/6. Least Common Multiple (LCM): The smallest whole number that is a multiple of two or more chosen numbers. Greatest Common Factor (GCF): The greatest whole number that is a factor of two or more chosen numbers. Prime Number: An integer, not including 1, whose only factors are 1 and itself. Composite Number: An integer that is not a prime number. Mixed Number: A number that is the sum of a whole number and a fraction such as 2 2/3. Reciprocal: The reciprocal of a fraction is obtained by interchanging the numerator and the denominator, i.e. by inverting the fraction. Directions: Answer the following questions. Also write at least 10 examples of your own.
 Q 1: 1/5, 1/23, 1/6, 1/2, and 1/3 are calledunit fractionslike fractionsmixed fractions Q 2: In (a+b)/(c+d), what is the denominator?c+da+b Q 3: What is the reciprocal of 7/21?21/77/217/7 Q 4: Which of these is an equivalent fraction for 8/24?4/123/85/12 Q 5: Which of the following is a mixed number?2 5/2445/988/34 Q 6: In 7/8, what is the numerator?7none8 Question 7: This question is available to subscribers only! Question 8: This question is available to subscribers only!