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Vocabulary - SAT, TOEFL, GRE Test Preparation
3.21 Words from Mythology - 2

aurora - In Roman mythology, Aurora was the goddess of the dawn, a counterpart of Greek Eos.

iridescent - Iris, Zeus' messenger, traveled through the skys wearing a sparkling, rainbow-colored cloak.

panacea - One of two sisters, her name is derived from the words "pan" (all) and "akeisthal" (to heal).

gorgons - In Greek mythology, the Gorgons ("terrible" or, according to some, "loud-roaring") were vicious female monsters with sharp fangs and hair of living, venomous snakes.

harpies - In Greek Mythology, one of several loathsome, voracious monsters with the head and trunk of a woman and the tail, wings, and talons of a bird.

hydra - Hercules, as one of his labors, was sent to slay this ferocious beast whose home was in the water.

lycanthrope - When Lycaon tried to trick Zeus into eating a meal of human flesh, Zeus turned him into a wolf.

martial - March, the first month of the Roman calendar, was named after this god of war and fertility.

sophistry - One of a class of famous teachers who earned a bad reputation for subtle methods of arguing.

fauna - This minor god looked like a man but also had the ears, horns, tail and, sometimes, legs of a goat.

stentorian - Stentor, a Greek herald in the Trojan War, supposedly had a voice as loud as fifty men.


Directions: Select the words to match the definitions. Use all of the mythology words from this chapter in sentences. As homework, do research and write the stories behind any five mythology words mentioned in this chapter.
Q 1: Bands of light sometimes visible in the night sky in northern or southern regions of the earth.
panacea
sophistry
aurora
gorgon

Q 2: A monster able to change appearance from human to wolf.
harpy
hydra
gorgon
lycanthrope

Q 3: Common name for freshwater organisms in the phylum Cnidaria, which includes jellyfish, sea anemones, and corals.
harpy
hydra
lycanthrope
gorgon

Q 4: A cure-all, either physical medication or a solution to a problem.
gorgon
sophistry
panacea
harpy

Q 5: An optical phenomenon in which the color appears to change according to the angle from which the surface is viewed.
gorgon
iridescent
panacea
sophistry

Q 6: A person, traditionally a woman, who persistently nags or criticizes.
hydra
harpy
lycanthrope
gorgon

Question 7: This question is available to subscribers only!

Question 8: This question is available to subscribers only!


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