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Grade 8 English
1.44 Suffixes - Nouns

Directions: The following suffixes make nouns. Review them and answer the multiple choice questions. For each of the suffixes given below, write your own example word and use it in a sentence.
-acy, -cy: state or quality
Example:
fluency = skillfulness in speaking or writing

-age: activity, or result of action
Example:
bondage = a state of subjection to a force, power, or influence.

-al: action, result of action
Example:
arrival = the act of arriving

-an: person
Example:
Indian = someone from India

-ance, -ence: action, state, quality or process
Examples:
radiance = the quality of being bright
absence = the state of being away

-ancy, -ency: state, quality or capacity
Example:
vacancy = an empty room or position
agency = the capacity to exert power or influence, a position or person that performs a function

-ant, -ent: an agent, something that performs the action
Examples:
disinfectant = an agent that destroys germs, somthing that cleans
dependent = a thing supported by another, a thing determined by another

-ate: state, office, fuction
Example:
candidate = a person nominated for an office or position

-ation: action, resulting state
Example:
specialization = the result of being distinguished by one quality or ability

-dom: place, state of being
Examples:
freedom = the state of being free boredom = the state of being bored

-er, -or: person or thing that does something
Example:
porter = a person who carries things
collector = a person who collects or gathers things

-ful: an amount or quanity that fills
Example:
mouthful = an amount that fills the mouth

-ian, an: related to, one that is
Example:
pedestrian = a person who walks
human = a person

-ia: names, diseases
Example:
phobia = an illogical fear of something

-iatry: art of healing
Example:
psychiatry = branch of medicine that deals with the mind and emotions

-ic, ics: related to the arts and sciences
Example:
arithmetic = a branch of math that usually deals with non-negative numbers
economics = the social science related to studying business

-ice: act
Example:
malice = the desire to do evil

-ing: material made for, activity, result of an activity
Examples:
flooring = a material made for floors
swimming = the activity of swimming or moving through water

-ion: condition or action
Example:
abduction = the action of carrying someone away by force

-ism: doctrine, belief, action or conduct
Example:
formalism = a belief in sticking to prescribed forms or artistic styles

-ist: person or member
Example:
podiatrist = a foot doctor

-ite: product or part
Example:
graphite = a black material used in making pencils

-ity, ty: state or quality
Example:
lucidity = clear thinking
novelty= something new or unusual

-ive: condition
Example:
native = a person born in a specific place

-ment: condition or result
Example:
document = an official paper usually showinf proof or evidence of something

-ness: state, condition, quality
Example:
kindness = the quality of being kind or nice

-or: condition or activity
Example:
valor = bravery, courage

-ory: place for, serves for
Example:
territory = an area around a place

-ship: status, condition
Example:
relationship = the state of being related or connected to something or someone

-ure: act, condition, process, function
Example:
exposure = the condition of being exposed or unprotected

-y: state, condition, result of an activity
Example:
society = companionship
victory = the result of winning something

Q 1: The state of being alone.
privacy
private

Q 2: infancy =
A very young child.
The state of being a baby or young child.

Q 3: Loss or damage as a result of breaking.
break
breakage

Q 4: A recommendation to consult a professional.
refer
referral

Q 5: A citizen of the United States.
American
Americaman

Q 6: The action of opposing something.
resistance
resist

Q 7: The state of not being under the control of others, free, self-governing.
independence
independent

Q 8: Common sense; good judgment.
wise
wisdom

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